SAN CASCIANO DEI BAGNI
San Casciano dei Bagni is considered the third biggest site in Europe for the quantity of thermal waters. Its geographic position has given it advantages throughout the Centuries towards development, and made it easier for those who travel there in search of the water’s healing properties. The barbaric invasions and then the fighting between the Lombards (Longobardi) and the Byzantines (Byzantini) caused San Casciano to fall in popularity and importance hence reducing the number of the population. The new Millennium saw a smaller San Casciano, both from a population view, and urban, due to being under the feudal rule of the Visconti family of Campiglia and the Abbey of Abbadia San Salvatore. With the conquest of Siena, Cosimo could establish the Grand duchy of Tuscany, San Casciano found protection and security, thanks to one of its most famous citizens: Aurelio Manni. San Casciano began again to acquire popularity, and in the 17th and 18th Centuries, had returned to its ancient splendor.
San Casciano today
San Casciano today offers much to its visitors. One of its most important monuments is the Church of San Leonardo, the main public church that was elevated to the position of Distinguished Collegiate (Insigne Collegiata) in 1618. Adjacent to this structure is the 15th Century Church of S. Antonio. But amongst all the religious buildings, the most loyal to the original structure over the course of the years, is the Church of the Concezione and inside there are frescoes by Pomarancio. An impressive stop beyond the walled town is the Medieval castle named Fighine.